Appendix IV.

Botany and List of Insects.

SECTION I.

Professor D. Oliver's List of Dried Plants

presented by Captain Burton to the Herbarium, Royal Gardens, Kew, September, 1878.

N I
u' s
m l
a e
n
Midian.
N M S
Anastatica hierochuntina, L. Kaff maryam --- I --- ---
Morettia parviflora, Boiss. Eaten by cattle. Thagar; Gaf'aá --- --- I I
Matthiola oxyceras, DC. forma gracilis. Animals eat. Hazá'; Muhawwil I
Malcolmia ægyptiaca, Spr. Animals eat. Tarbeh I
Zilla myagroides, F. Silla. Camels eat. I
Biscutella Columnae, Ten I
Diplotaxis Harra? Hárrah. Eaten by cattle. I
Diplotaxis acris, Boiss. (Moricandia crassifolia, Gay) I
Sisymbrium erysimoides, Desf. Salíh. Eaten by camels and sheep I I I
Farsetia Burtonæ, Oliv. sp. nov. Ghurayrá I I
Schimpera arabica, H. and St. I
Enarthrocarpus lyratus, F., vel E. strangulatus, Boiss I
Capparis Sodada, Br. (Sodada decidua, Forsk.). Tanzub. Red berries eaten. I
Cleome chrysantha, Dene. Mashteh. Pounded and drank for worms, etc. I
Cleome arabica, L. 'Ubaysá. Eaten by animals. I
Papaver Decaisnei, H. and St. I
Ochradenus baccatus, Del. Gurzi. A large tree; eaten by cattle I I
Reseda (Caylusea) canescens, L. Zanabán. Eaten by cattle I I
Reseda, an R. stenostachya(?), Boiss. Khizám. Eaten by animals I
Helianthemum Lippii, Pers. Kazím. Cattle eat. I
Silene villosa, Forsk. 'Abaysá. Too much coated with sand to serve as food for animals I
Gypsophila Rokejeka, Del. I
Polycarpæa fragilis, Del. Makr I
Portulaca oleracea, L. I
Hibiscus micranthus, L. fil. forma. Khusiyat Ra'shid. Eaten by animals I I
Abutilon fruticosum, G. and P. (Sida denticulata, Fres.). I
Abutilon muticum, Don I
Erodium laciniatum, Cav. Garná. Eaten by cattle I I I
Monsonia nivea, Gay I
Geranium mascatense, Boiss. Hiláwá. Eaten by man and beast I
Erodium cicutarium, L. I
Tribulus terrestris, L. Katbeh I I I
Zygophyllum simplex, L. I
Zygophyllum album, L. Gallúm. Camels eat I
Zygophyllum coccineum, L. forma (Z. propinqiuum, Dene.). Muráká. Animals eat. I
Fagonia cretica, L. van (F. glutinosa, Del.). Shiká'á (North Midian); Darmeh (Nu'man) I I
Fagonia mollis, Del. Warágá; and young plant of same = Zarag. Animals eat. I I
Fagonia Bruguieri, DC. Jamdeh. Animals eat. I
Dodonmaea viscosa, L. var. (D. arabica, H. and St.). Athab I
Rhus oxyacanthoides, Dum. 'Ar'ar I
Neurada procumbens, L. Sa'adán. Eaten by man and beast. Mountain region. I I
Trianthema pentandra, L. I
Trianthema(?). (Imperfect specimen.) Rumayh. Eaten by sheep and cattle. I
Aizoon canariense, L. Da'á'á. Grain pounded and eaten. I
Gisekia pharnaceoides, L. I
Cucumis prophetarum, L. Locality mislaid. Cotyledon umbilicus, L. forma I
Pimpinella arabica, Boiss. Rujaylet el-Ghuráb (Little Crow's-foot). Sheep eat. Locality astray.
Pimpinella (Tragium palmetorum? St. and H.). Very young. I I
Ferula (? sp., leaf only). Kalkh. Animals eat. High up on Shárr.
Grammosciadium scandicinum, Boiss. sp. nov. I I
Medicago laciniata, All. I
Taverniera ægyptiaca, Boiss. (ex descr.). Shibrig. Eaten by animals. I
Indigofera spinosa, Forsk. Shibrig. Camels eat. Good fodder. I
Indigofera paucifolia, D. I
Indigofera (stunted specimen, may be I. paucifolia). 'Afár. Animals eat I
Tephrosia Apollinea, DC. Dalsam; Táwíl. Animals eat I I I
Genista (Retama) monosperma, Del. I
Lotononis Leobordea, Bth. Hurbat. Eaten by cattle. I I
Trigonella stellata, Forsk. (T. microcarpa, Fres.) I I
Onobrychis(?), possibly O. Ptolemaica. (Barren specimen). I
Astragalus sparsus(?), Dene. I
Astragalus Sieberi, DC. Ghákeh. Dry and pounded root mixed with clarified butter. Drunk as a restorative. I I
Astragalus Forskahlei, Boiss. Kidád. Camels eat. I
Cassia obovata, Coll. Senna I I I
Iphiona scabra, DC. Zafrah. Camels eat. I
Pulicaria undulata, DC. Rabul. Fine perfume. I
Blumea Bovei, DC. (B. abyssinica, Sch.) I
Ifloga spicata, Forsk Zenaymeh. Animals eat I
Asteriscus pygmæus, C. and Dur. I
Anvillaea Garcini, DC. (fide Boissier). Nukud. Eaten by camels and sheep. I
Anthemis, an A. deserti(?), Boiss. Gahwán. Camels eat: also called Gurrays, pounded and eaten with dates. I I I
Matricaria (Chamæmelum) auriculata (Boiss.) I
Senecio Decaisnei, DC. Umm lewínayn I I
Senecio coronopifolius, Desf I I
Calendula ægyptiaca, Desf. I
Calendula ægyptiaca(?) I
Calendula, an var. ægyptiacae(?) I
Echinops spinosus, L. Akhshír. Eaten by camels, sheep, and asses. I I
Zoegea purpurea, Fres. Rubayyán. Cattle eat. I
Centaurea sinaica, DC. Yemrár. Eaten by sheep, asses, etc. I I
Picridium tingitanum, Desf. forma. Huwwá; Tíz el-Kalbeh; El-Haudán. Eaten by man and animals. I I I
Urospermum picroides, Desf. I
Microrhynchus nudicaulis, Less. 'Azíd I I I
Pterotheca bifida, F. and M. I I
Picris, conf. P. Saharæ, C. and K. I
Picris cyanocarpa, Boiss. I
Callipeltis cucullaria, Stev. 'Ikrish. Cattle eat. North or Central Midian. I
Crucianella membranacea, Boiss. I
Galium capillare, Dcne I
Salvadora persica, L. El-Arák I I
Rhazya stricta, Dene. Harjal. Eaten only by mules. Very fragrant. I
Dæmia cordata, R. Br. I
Steinheilia radians, Dcne. Faká I
Convolvulus Hystrix, V. Shibrim. Root used as a purgative. Animals eat upper part of plant. I
Cuscuta, conf. C. brevistyla, A. Br. I
Withania somnifera, Dun. Shajarat el-Díb I
Lycium europæum, L. 'Aushaz. Eaten by animals. I I
Solanum coagulans(?), Forsk. var. (A small fragment only). I
Hyoscyamus pusillus, L. Saykrán I I
Heliotropium arbainense, Fres. Rahháb. Cattle eat. I I
Trichodesma africanum, R. Br. Ahmím. Camels and other animals eat. I
Echium longifolium(?), Del. Kahlá. Animals eat. I
Anchusa Milleri, W. I
Anchusa Milleri(?) young specimens. I
Anchusa Milleri(?) young specimens. I
Gastrocotyle (Anchusa hispida, Forsk.). Karír. Camels eat. I
Arnebia hispidissima, A. DC. Fayná. Animals eat. I I
Lithospermum callosum, V. I
Lindenbergia sinaica, Bth. Mallíh. Cattle eat. I
Verbascum (in bud), an V. sinaiticum(?), Bth. I
Verbascum, sp. nov. Sammá I
Herpestis Monniera, Kth. Nafal. Animals eat I
Veronica Anagallis, L. I
Linaria ægyptiaca, Dum. I
Linaria macilenta, Dcne. Zuraymat el-Himar. Eaten by animals I
Linaria (§ Elatinoides), sp. imperfect I
Linaria simplex(?), DC. I I
Linaria Haelava Chav. (fide Boissier) I
Blepharis edulis, Pers. (Acanthodium spicatum, Del.). Shauk el-Jemel. Camels fond of it. ..... I I
Lavandula coronopifolia, Poir. Zayteh. All animals eat. I I
Mentha lavandulacea, W. Habag. Animals do not eat. Pounded and mixed with fresh dates, "good for stomach" I
Salvia ægyptiaca, L. I
Salvia deserti, Dcne. I
Salvia, an S. deserti(?). Ja'adeh. Pounded in water and snuffed up nose. I
Otostegia, var. O. scariosae(?), Bth. (vel O. repanda, Bth.) Ghasseh. Sheep eat. I I
Statice axillaris, Forsk. Annúm. Camels eat I I
Plantago Psyllium, L. Nez'íah. Animals eat I I
Plantago amplexicaulis, Cav. Yanameh. Animals eat. I
Aerwa javanica, Jass. Rayl. Cattle eat. I I
Chenopodium murale, L.? I
Chenopodium murale, L.? (Small seedlings.) Nafal. Cattle eat. I
Atriplex dimorphostegia? K. and K. Roghol. Animals eat. I
Echinopsilon lanatum, Moq. Garay'á. I I
Suaeda sp.(?). (Small fragment.) I
Suaeda sp.(?). (Barren fragments, insect punctured?) 'Aslá. Forage plant. I I
Suaeda monoica? Forsk. Zuraygá. Forage plant. I
Salsola(?), cf. S. longifolia, F. Hamz. Camels eat. I
Caroxylon(?) (barren specimen), near C., foetidum. Akahríl. Animals eat I
Rumex vesicarius, L. (R. roseus, Del.). Hammáz. Animals eat. I
Emex spinosus, Camp. I
Crozophora tinctoria, Juss. Hinaydieh. Not eaten. I
Euphorbia cornuta, Pers. 'Atir I
Euphorbia scordifolia, Jacq. Gharghir. Animals eat. I
Euphorbia (Anisophyllum) granulata, Schf. Rugaygeh. Animals eat. I
Euphorbia (Anisophyllum) granulata, forma(?). Lubayneh. Cattle eat. I
Juniperus phoenicea, L. At four thousand feet on Sharr. Trunk thicker than a man's body. Halibeh I
Parietaria alsinifolia, Del. I
Forskahlea tenacissima, L. Lissák. Animals eat. I
Asphodelus fistulosus, L. (var. tenuifolius, Bker.). Bórak. Only eaten by animals when very hungry. Asses eat. I I
Bellevalia flexuosa, Boiss I
Dipcadi erythraeum, Webb I
Gagea reticulata, R. and S. I
Juncus maritimus, L. I
Scirpus Holoschoenus, L. Namas. Sent to Egypt for mats. I
Cyperus conglomeratus, Rottb. (Young specimens) I
Chloris villosa, Pers. I
Æluropus repens I
Tricholæna micrantha, Schrad. Ghazuiar. Eaten by camels, etc. I I
Panicum turgidum, Forsk. Zarram. Good fodder. I I
Arundo Donax, L. Kasbá I
Polypogon monspeliensis, Desf. Kháfúr. Sheep eat. I
Stipa tortilis, Desf. Pehmeh. Animals eat I I I
Aristida caerulescens, Desf. Shárib el-Kale. Animals eat I I
Hordeum maritimum, L I
Pappophorum, an P. phleoides(?), R. and S. Nejil. Sheep eat. I
Barren specimen. Indeterminable. Grass I
Grass(?). Root and leaves. Hashmil. Animals eat. I
Typha(?). Root and fragments of leaves. Birdi I
Grass. Fragmentary. Za'eh. Cattle eat. I
Chara foetida, Braun. 'Ishnik I
A barren fragment of undershrub, with opposite fleshy leaves with recurved margins. Ajíd Eaten by animals. Doubtful I

D. OLIVER.

SECTION II.

The spirit-specimens submitted to Mr. William Carruthers, of the British Museum, are described by him as follows:--

1. Phallus impudicus, Linn. (in Arab. Faswat el-'Ajúz). The common "stinkhorn," extremely common in some districts of England, and obtruding on the notice of every one from its detestable odour. It is widely distributed over America and Africa, as well as Europe, but I find no record of its occurring in Asia.

2. Tulostoma mammosum, Fr. Also British, but not so common. Widely distributed.

3. Phelipœa lutea, Desf. A dark, fleshy broom-rape, with scaly leaves. We have one species of the same genus in England. They are parasitic on the roots of plants; and the Midianite species, which is found in North Africa, Egypt, and Arabia, grows on the roots of a Chenopodium.

4. Cynomorium coccineum, Mich. A fleshy, leafless plant, also a root-parasite. It was called by old writers Fungus Melitensis, and was of much repute in medicine. It is known from the Himalayas to the Canary Islands, and is said by Webb, in his history of the Canaries, to be eaten in

the Island of Lancerotte.

5. Doemia cordata, R. Br. A spiny shrub, with roundish leaves and small sharp-pointed fruit, found in Egypt and Arabia.

6. Capparis galeata, Fres., with large fruit, long and pear-shaped. This caper is well known; from Syria and Egypt.

(Signed) W. CARRUTHERS.

INSECTS COLLECTED IN MIDIAN BY CAPTAIN BURTON.

(Identified by Mr. Frederick Smith, of the British Museum.)

COLEOPTERA.

Geodephaga

l. Anthia 12 guttata.

Melolonthidœ.

2. Schizonycha reflexa.

3. Pachydema.

Dynastidœ.

4. Heteronychus.

Curculionidœ.

5. Cleonus arabs.

Heteromera.

6. Mesostenanear punctipennis.

7. Adesmia.

8. Akis Goryi?

9. Mylabris.

Hemiptera.

10. Nepa rubra.

Mantidœ.

11. Eremiaphila arenaria.

12. Blepharis mendica.

Orthoptera.

13. Acocera.

14. Acridium peregrinum.

15. Poecilocera bufonia.

Scorpionidea.

16. Androctonus funestus.

17. Androctonus leptochelys.

18. Androctonus quinquestriatus.

Arachnida.

19. Galeodes arabs, in spirit.

20. Clubiona Listeri, in spirit.

(Signed) FREDK. SMITH.