The Book of the Thousand Nights and One Night, Volume 5: by John Payne






Footnotes






1. Koran vi. 44.




2. Alexander the Two-horned, a title given by Eastern writers to Alexander the Great (as well as to another ancient king, whose identity is uncertain), probably on account of his claim to descent from Jupiter Ammon, whose distinctive feature was a ram's horn on either temple.




3. See Vol. IV. p. 227. {Vol. 4, FN#113}




4. Descendants of the Prophet.




5. A renowned thologian and ascetic, who flourished at Bassora in the eighth century.




6.
Well-known theologians and jurists of the time.




7.
"Identification" and "Knowledge," stages of the Sufi mystic on the "Way" or journey to God.




8.
i.e. earthly master, as opposed to God, his great or heavenly master.




9.
Male black slaves in the East, as in the United States, are often called "boys," irrespectively of age.




10.
Surname of Malik ben Dinar.




11.
Name of a fountain of Paradise.




12. Koran vii. 52.




13. The twenty-fourth part of a mithcal or dinar, i.e. about 5d.




14. i.e. wayfarers.




15.
Koran vi.




16.
Koran iv.




17. Apparently some well-known saint, the title sidi (my lord) being one peculiar to men renowned for sanctity. Khawwas means "basket-maker," and this surname denotes that the saint in question, in all probability, earned his living by basket-making, like the pious King in the story of the saint to whom God gave a cloud, etc. It is incumbent upon devout Muslims, even to the Khalifs, to earn their bread by manual labour of some kind. See "The Devout Prince".




18.
El Hecc, one of the names of God.




19.
Surname of El Khawwas.




20.
Koran xxxvi. 8a.




21. Koran v. 108.




22. Lover and Beloved, mystical names for the believer and God.




23. Koran xiii. 43.




24. A city in Irak.




25.
A place near Mecca.




26. Honey is so called by the Easterns, to distinguish it from "date honey," as they style the drippings from ripe dates.




27. Mare Tenebrarum.




28. Koran xxxviii. 34.




29. e.g. cherries and pomegranates.




30. Or canopy.




31. El kheyal, the word commonly used by Arab poets to denote the vision of the beloved one in sleep.




32. Should be "manifest" bounty (Koran xxvii. 16).




33. A formula of evasion.




34. By reason of the great distance.




35. Lit. cool eyed, i.e. having the eyes unheated by tears.




36. Apparently some magical formula, consisting of the hidden names of God (which are supposed by the Orientals to have a thaumaturgic power) or what not else enabling one to understand the speech of birds and beasts.




37. Kilaa.




38. Elmas




39.  One of the legendary saints of the Muslims, often confounded with Elias and sometimes also with St. George of Cappadocia. but held by the best authorities to have been a true-believing Persian and Vizier to King Kaikobad (founder of the Kayanian dynasty in the sixth century before Christ), who, having found and drunk of the water of life, received the gift of immortality and will not die till the blowing of the first trumpet. The name El Khizr (green) denotes his unfading youth.




40. A range of mountains immediately without Cairo on the eastern side.




41. Koran liii. 14.




42. The ordinary Eastern furnace is a great jar or pot sunk in the earth. In which a fire of wood is lighted.




43. Sic in Boulac, Breslau and Macnaghten Editions. The two other texts of this story, which I have consulted, i.e. that of M. Langlès (1814) and of Calcutta (1814-1818), and which are practically the same, substitute for this last phrase the words, "And the sailors say that Ed Dejjal is there." Ed Dejjal is the False Messiah or Antichrist of the Muslims, who, they fable, will come in the latter days and lay waste the earth, at the head of an army of Jews, till encountered and slain by Jesus.




44. i.e. mountainous island.




45. i.e. hairy folk.




46. The well-known large boat, used for the Nile traffic in grain, etc. The comparison is to the bird's-eye view of the djerm, as it appears, coming towards a spectator.




47. Southern India.




48. India west of the Indus.




49. Apparently not a savage.




50. i.e. that (of being eaten by the cannibals) from which he had escaped.




51. i.e. in undertaking another voyage.




52. or peninsula.




53. Fifth Khalif of the Ommiade dynasty, A.D. 685-705.




54. A famous pre-Islamitic poet. His introduction here is, of course, an anachronism.




55. The conqueror of Spain.




56. White was the distinctive colour of the house of Umeyyeh, and the gift of a white ensign may therefore be supposed to have conferred absolute power, in the way of requisitions, etc. upon an envoy.




57. As governor of a newly-conquered country, part of which was still in dispute.




58. Lit. ficaä-gugglets, i.e. earthernware jars used for holding ficaä, a thin kind of beer, made of barley or raisins.




59. Koran xxiv. 39.




60. A name of God.




61. Qure ichor.




62. The ancient name of Diarbekir.




63. Qure Meyyafarikin, a town in the same pashalik.




64. Certain verses of the Koran (such as, "There is no power and no might, etc., etc.,") so called from their supposed efficacy in delivering from danger him who repeats them in his need.




65. See note, Vol. II. p. 209. {Vol. 2, FN#119}




66. Pharaoh, so called in the Koran.




67. Death.




68. i.e. mermaids.




69. i.e. his wife.




70. Koran iv. 81.




71. Koran xii. 28.




72. Koran iv. 78. This quotation is misapplied, as the words quoted not bear the construction here indicated.




73.  One of the last nights of Ramazan, (supposed, on the authority of a tradition of the Prophet, to be either the 20th, 22nd, 24th or 28th of the month, on which the Koran is said to have been revealed en bloc to Gabriel, who communicated it piece meal to Mohammed, beginning at once with chapter xcvi. (or, according to some, chapter lxxiv.). On this night the Muslims believe that the affairs of the universe are settled for the ensuing year, that all created things prostrate themselves in adoration to Allah (cf. the medieval legend of Christmas Eve, when the cattle were fabled to worship God in the stalls, etc.), salt water becomes sweet, the angels descend to bless the faithful and all prayers, prayed in cognisance of the fact, are granted. "Verily we sent it [the Koran] down on the Night of Power, and what giveth thee to know what is the Night of Power?. The Night of Power is better than a thousand months; the angels and the Spirit (Gabriel) descend therein, by leave of their Lord, with every commandment. Peace is it till the breaking of the dawn."--.Koran xcvii. "By the Manifest Book, we sent it down on a blessed night ...... whereon is apportioned each determined decree, as a commandment from us."--Koran xliv. i, 2 and 3. {see Vol. 9, FN#27}




74. i.e. at seeing him in occupation of a house of so fatal a repute.




75. Koran ix. 51.




76. One of the conditions of prayer among the Muslims is that it be performed in a clean place.




77. With the smoke of aloes-wood or other perfume.